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Present Perfect in Spanish

The name of this tense in Spanish is: "Pretérito perfecto compuesto" or "Presente perfecto".

Construction of the Present Perfect

The construction is:

[SUBJECT] + ['haber' in present tense (he)] + [PARTICIPLE]

He trabajado bastante por hoy
I have worked enough for today

Auxiliary 'haber' in Present

We remember the conjugation of the auxiliary 'haber' in the present tense:

yo he--
él ha--
nosotros hemos--
vosotros habéis--
ellos han--

Uses of Present Perfect

The present perfect in Spanish is similar to the present perfect in English.

He estado en Segovia dos veces
I have been in Segovia twice

Showing interrogation

To form the interrogation, modify only the position of the subject:

has estado
you have been
¿has estado ()?
have you been?


To build the negation, add the particle "no" before the auxiliary verb:

yo he cocinado
I have cooked
yo no he cocinado
I haven't cooked