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Accusative and Dative Pronouns in Spanish

Accusative pronouns (Direct object)

When the personal pronoun is used as direct object of the verb (accusative), it can refer to persons as well as animals or things.

PronounMeaning
me me
te you (no formal)
lohim
its
you (masculine singular formal)
laher
you (feminine singular formal)
nos us
os you all
losthem (masculine)
you (masculine plural formal)
las them (feminine)
you (feminine plural formal)

¿Me quieres? no, no te quiero
Do you love me? No, I don´t love you

¿Te conozco? sí, claro, soy Elena, hermana de Juan
Do I know you? Yeah, of course, I'm Elena, John´s sister

Dative personal pronouns (Indirect object)

The same thing happens with the personal pronoun when it is used as a indirect object (dative). It can refer to persons, animals and things as well.

PronounMeaning
me me
te you (no formal)
le
(se)*
him
its
her
you (singular formal)
nosus
os you all
les
(se)*
them
you (plural formal)

¿Qué te ha dicho? Me ha dicho que todo está bien
What did he say? He said that everything is okay

Dative Pronoun "se"

If we put together "le" or "les" (indirect object) and "la" or "lo" (direct object), "le" or "les" are replaced by "se".

¿Has dado el libro a Juan? sí, se lo he dado (le --> se)
Did you give the book to John? Yes, I gave it to him

¿Has dado los libros a Juan? sí, se los he dado
Did you give the books to John? Yes, I gave them to him.

¿Te ha pedido Rosa el carné? sí, me lo ha pedido
Did Rosa ask you for the ID? Yes, she asked me for it.

¿Os ha pedido Rosa el carné? sí, nos lo ha pedido
Did Rosa ask you for the ID? Yes, she asked us for it.



2 Comments

#2 [Rebecca]2018-02-26 15:54
THIS IS SO HELPFUL AS A LINGUIST LEARNING SPANISH :) thank you

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